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Kathleen Fisher

Executive Board Member, American Association for the Advancement of Science—Pacific Division

Biography

Kathleen M. Fisher is Professor Emeritus of Biology at San Diego State University and former Director of the Center for Research in Mathematics and Science Education. 

Dr. Fisher has a B.S. in science from Rutgers University and a Ph.D. in genetics from the University of California— Davis. She completed a post-doctoral fellowship with the Atomic Energy Commission in 1970 and had a Fulbright Scholarship to work with a science university in Malaysia (Universiti Sains) in 1980. 

Fisher has worked in biology education research since the early 70s when she produced a televised two-semester genetics course in a novel video-autotutorial format. The televised course was used to teach about 7,000 students over a seven-year period, and was followed by a televised course in scientific writing. More recently Fisher collaborated with the Science Media Group at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, where she participated in several video series including the Private Universe and Minds of Our Own programs. 

Fisher taught a capstone inquiry-based biology course for prospective teachers for more than ten years. The lessons that she developed, now available on the Internet as a resource for practicing teachers and home schooling parents (www.BiologyLessons.sdsu.edu), have won recognition from the Encyclopedia Britannica, the Pacific Bell Knowledge Network, and the British Schoolzone. 

Fisher and the SemNet Research Group designed and developed the SemNet TM knowledge construction tool (1983–87). The computer-based idea networks serve as a mirror of the students' thinking, encouraging reflection and refinement of their ideas. SemNet has evolved into the Semantica Software Series of tools for knowledge capture, organization, and transfer (www.semanticresearch.com) which is of considerable interest to the intelligence communities. 

Fisher has served on Editorial and Executive Boards for several science education organizations. 

 

Download for Science Festival, March 20, 2010 (right-click or control-click to download): http://crmse.sdsu.edu/files/SemanticaExerciseStart.sar

 

Projects

  1. Conceptual Inventory Natural Selection
  2. Concept Cartoons
  3. Biology Lessons
  4. Semantic Research, Inc.
  5. Knowledge Representation Internet Links
  6. Annotated list of Conceptual Assessments (Concept Inventories) in Biology (pdf document)

Publications

BOOKS AND BOOK CHAPTERS

Reform in Undergraduate Science Teaching for the 21st Century
Chapter 5 : The Importance of Prior Knowledge in College Science Instruction

Dennis W. Sunal, University of Alabama; Emmett L. Wright, Kansas State University; and Jeanelle Bland, Eastern Connecticut State University, Eds., Information Age Publishing Inc., ISBN 1-930608-84-5 Soft cover (2004).

Fisher, K. M. (in press). Lessons from research: The importance of prior knowledge. In D. Sunal (Ed.), Research in science education: Reform in undergraduate science teaching for the 21st century. Greenwich, CT: Information Age.

Fisher, K. M. (2003). Prediction: A profound paradigm shift. In J. Park (Ed.) & S. Hunting (Technical Ed.), Topic maps: Creating and using topic maps for the web. Boston: Addison-Wesley.

Fisher, K. M., Wandersee, J. H., & Moody, D. (2000). Mapping biology knowledge. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer.

Fisher, K. M. (2000). Inquiry teaching in biology. In Minstrell J. & van Zee, E. H., Eds., Inquiring into Inquiry learning and teaching in science. Washington, D. C.: American Association for the Advancement of Science, pp. 258-280.

Fisher, K. M. (2000). SemNet® software as an assessment tool. In Mintzes, J. L., Wandersee, J. H., & Novak, J. D., Ed., Assessing science understanding: A human constructivist view. San Diego: Academic Press, pp 198-223.

Fisher, K. M. & Kibby, M., Editors. (1996). Knowledge Acquisition, Organization and Use in Biology. Springer Verlag.

Faletti, J. & Fisher, K. M. (1996). The information in relations in biology or the unexamined relation is not worth having. In Fisher, K. M. & Kibby, M., Ed., Knowledge Acquisition, Organization and Use in Biology. Springer Verlag, pp. 182-205.

Gorodetsky, M. & Fisher, K. M. (1996). Generating connections and learning in biology. In Fisher, K. M. & Kibby, M., Ed., Knowledge Acquisition, Organization and Use in Biology. Springer Verlag, 135-154.

Fisher, K. M. (1992). Teaching of evolution. In Good, R. G., Trowbridge, J. E., Demastes, S. S., Wandersee, J. H., Hafner, M. S., & Cummins, C. L. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 1992 Evolution Education Conference. Louisiana: Louisiana State University, pp 103-108.

Fisher, K. M. (1991). SemNet: A tool for personal knowledge construction. In Jonassen, D. & Kommers, P., Eds., Mindtools, Springer-Verlag.

Fisher, K. M., & Lipson, J. I. (1985). Science education in other countries: Insight and issues. In J. Rutherford, M. Klein, & K. Wolff (Eds.), Science Education in Global Perspective: Lessons from Five Countries. ,Washington, D. C.: American Association for the Advancement of Science, pp 1-11.

Monroe, J., Meridith, C., & Fisher, K. M. (1977). The science of scientific writing. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt.

Fisher, K. M., & Lipson, J. I. (1983). What computers can do for the school. In Peterson, D. (Ed.), The Intelligent Schoolhouse: Reading on Computers and Learning. Reston, VA: Reston Publishing Co., a Subdivision of Prescott-Hall, pp. 59-66.


PAPERS IN JOURNALS AND ON THE WEB

Anderson, D., Fisher, K. M., & Norman, G. J. (2002). Development and evaluation of the Conceptual Inventory of Natural Selection. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 39, 952-978.

Fisher, K. M., Wandersee, J. H., & Wideman, G. (February 17-22, 2000). Enhancing cognitive skills for meaningful understanding of domain specific knowledge. In the invited symposium: "Shaping the future of mathematics and science education," at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC.
Pre-print version

Christianson, R. G. & Fisher, K. M. (1999). Comparison of student learning about diffusion and osmosis in constructivist and traditional classrooms. International Journal of Science Education,21 (6), 687-698.

Fisher, K. M. (1996). Supporting knowledge construction and reflection. Vivek: A Quarterly in Artificial Intelligence, 9 (2), 18-34.

Gorodetsky, M., Fisher, K. M., Wyman, B. (September, 1994). Generating Connections and Learning with SemNet, a Tool for Constructing Knowledge Networks, Journal of Science Education and Technology, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 137-144.

Fisher, K. M. (1990). Semantic networking: The new kid on the block. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (10), 1001-1018.

Fisher, K. M., Faletti. J., Patterson, H. A., Thornton, R., Lipson, J., and Spring, C. (1990). Computer-based concept mapping: SemNet software - a tool for describing knowledge networks. Journal of College Science Teaching, 19 (6), 347-352.

Allen, B., Lipson, J. I., & Fisher, K. M. (1989). EPOSODE: Enhanced procedural orchestration through student observation and detection of errors. Machine-Mediated Learning, 1990.

Fisher, Kathleen M. (1988). The students-and-professors problem revisited. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 19 (3), 260-262.

Fisher, Kathleen M. (1988). Depression in free-word association responses at adolescence. Journal of Educational Psychology, 80 (2), 247-250.

Fisher, K. M. & Lipson, J. I. (1986). Twenty questions about student errors. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 23 (9), 783-803.

Fisher, Kathleen M., Lipson, Joseph I., Hildebrand, A. C., Miguel, L., Schoenberg, N., & Porter, N. (1986). Student misconceptions and teacher assumptions in college biology. Journal of College Science Teaching, 15 (4), 276-280.

Fisher, K. M. (1985). Elaboration of cognitive knowledge of biology from childhood to adulthood. The Journal of General Psychology, 112 (4), 389-397.

Fisher, K. M. & Lipson, J. I. (1985). Information processing interpretation of errors in college science learning. Instructional Science 14, 49-74.

Lipson, J. I. & Fisher, K. M. (1985). Technologies of the future. Education & Computing, 1 (1), 11-23.

Fisher, K. M. (1985). A misconception in biology: Amino acids and translation. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 22 (1), 53-62.

Lipson, J. I. & Fisher, K. M. (1984). Technologies of the future. In J. C. M. M. Moonen & H. E. Wuite-Harmsa (Eds.), Computers and Education, 47-63. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers.

Bunderson, C. V., Baillo, B., Olson, J. B., Lipson, J. I., & Fisher, K. M. (1984). Instructional effectiveness of an intelligent videodisc in biology. Machine Mediated Learning, 1 (2), 175-215.

Lipson, Joseph I. & Fisher, K. M. (1983). Technology in the classroom: Promise or threat? Theory into Practice, 22 (4), 253-259.

Fisher, K. M., Williams, S., & Roth, J. (1981). Qualitative and quantitative differences in learning associated with frequent multiple choice testing. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 18, 449-464.

Fisher, K. M. (1979). Lecturing is a personalized system of instruction - for the lecturer. Journal of Instructional Development, 3 (1), 9-15.

Fisher, K. M. (1978). Idiosyncratic learning with TV. Journal of Personalized Instruction, 3 (3), 157-161 (invited paper).

Fisher, K. M. (1978). What's wrong with behavioral objectives? Journal of College Science Teaching, 7 (5), 297-300.

Fisher, K. M., & Minnis, D. L. (1977). Evaluating Instructional Scholarship. California Journal of Teacher Education, 4 (1), 94-105.

Fisher, K. M., Guenther, H., & MacWhinney, B., Sorenson, P., & Stewart, D. (1977). Does video-autotutorial instruction improve college science teaching? Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 14, 481-498.

Fisher, K. M. (Guest Ed.). (1977). The impetus for change (Special issue). California Journal of Teaching Education, 4 (1), 1-169.

Fisher, K. M. (1976). A-T science teaching: How effective is it? Bio-Science, 26 (11), 691-697.

Fisher, K. M. (1974). Video-autotutorial instruction, American Institute of Biological Sciences Education Review, 3, 11-13.

Fisher, K. M. (1974). Individualizing instruction with TV. Journal of College Science Teaching, 4, 27-30.

Fisher, K. M., T. F. Budinger, A. Foin, and T. E. Everhart. (1974). Spontaneous chromosome gaps in Marmosa mitis. Mutation Research 22:299-303.

Fisher, K. M. and A. Foin. (1973). Chromosome ultrastructure in Marmosa mitis. Cytobios 8:209-219.

Fan, K., K. M. Fisher, and G. Edlin. (1973). Effect of amino acid and serum deprivation on the regulation of RNA synthesis in cultured Chinese hamster ovary cells. Experimental Cell Research 82:111-118.

Fisher, K. M. and H. Bernstein. (1970). Deficiency of double mutant recombinants in crosses of phage T4. Molecular and General Genetics 106:139-150.

Bernstein, H. and K. M. Fisher. (1968). Dominance in bacteriophage T4D. Genetics 58:307-318.

Fisher, K. M. and H. Bernstein. (1965). The additivity of intervals in the rII cistron of phage T4D. Genetics 52:1127-1136.

Rossan, R.H., K. M. Fisher, R. Greenland, C. Guenther, and L. H. Schmidt. (1964). The localization of infective pre-erthrocytic forms of Plasmodium cynomolgi.Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 58:159-163.

Schmidt, L. H., R. N. Rossan, and K. M. Fisher. (1963). The activity of a repository form of 4, 6-diamino-1-(p-chloropheny1)-1,2-dihydro-2, 2-dimethyl-s-triazine against infection with Plasmodium cynomolgi. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 12: 494-503.

Fisher, K. M. and B. MacWhinney. (1978). Autotutorial instruction: A summary of the research. Audiovisual Instruction, May.


PAPERS IN CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

Fisher, K. M. & Christianson, R. G. (June 13-15, 1997). Comparison of student learning about diffusion and osmosis in constructivist and traditional classrooms. Proceedings of the Fourth International Seminar: From misconceptions to constructed understanding, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

Fisher, K. & Gomes, S. (1996). Teaching biology to prospective elementary school teachers so as to promote transition from receiver to giver of information. In the Proceedings of the Second International conference on the Learning Sciences. Northwestern University: 1996.

Fisher, K. M. (1993). Using SemNet® as a learning tool in an inquiry-based biology class for prospective elementary school teachers. Proceedings of the National Science Foundation Workshop on the Role of Faculty from the Scientific Disciplines in the Undergraduate Education of Future Science and Mathematics Teachers. Washington, D. C.: National Science Foundation, pp 111-112.

Fisher, K. M. (1993). Metacognitive Tools: Concept Mapping. Proceedings of The Third International Seminar on Misconceptions and Educational Strategies in Science and Mathematics, Cornell University. Ithaca, New York.

Fisher, K. M. (1992). Teaching students meaningful thinking strategies in biology. In Proceedings of the Conference on Critical Issues in Reforming Elementary Teacher Education in Mathematics and Science. Greeley, CO, October 10-13, 1991.

Fisher, K. M. with Faletti, J., Lipson, J., Wyman, B., & Miller, B. (October 1991). Teaching students meaningful thinking strategies in biology. In Gardner, A. L., Cochran, K. F., Eds., Proceedings of a National Conference funded by the National Science Foundation and Hosted by the University of Northern Colorado: Critical issues in reforming elementary teacher preparation in mathematics and science, pp 291-301.

Fisher, K. M. & Lipson, J. I. (1983). Ten rules of thumb: Information processing interpretations of error research in learning. In H. Helms & J. D. Novak, (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Seminar on Misconceptions in Science and Mathematics, 150-152, Ithaca. Available from J. D. Novak, Cornell University Department of Education, Ithaca, NY.

Fisher, K. M. (1983). Amino acids and translation: A misconception in biology. In H. Helms & J. D. Novak, (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Seminar on Misconceptions in Science and Mathematics, 150-152, Ithaca. Available from J. D. Novak, Cornell University Department of Education, Ithaca, NY.

Fisher, K. M. & Lipson, J. I. (1983). Educating master authors for designing instruction with the new electronic technologies. Proceedings of the Western Educational Computing Conference, 97-107, San Francisco: Western Periodicals Company.

Cohen, E. & Fisher, K. M.. (1979). Computer Assisted Self-Evaluation at the University of California-Davis. West Coast Computer Faire Conference Proceedings, pp. 107-109.


MONOGRAPHS

Fisher, K. M., & Lipson, J. I. (1982, September). Public education and electronic technologies: A Monograph. Wisconsin Center for Educational Research, 42 pp.

Fisher, K. M. & Lipson, J. I (1982). Monograph: Educational Technology. Written for the Carnegie Corporation, New York City.

Fisher, K. M. (1969). Intragenic recombination with conditional lethal mutations in gene 37 of bacteriophage T4D. Thesis, University of California-Davis.

Fisher, K. M. & Lipson, J. I. (1981). Synopsis of the Eighth Day of Creation by Horace Freeland Judson. Written as a preliminary step in adaptation of the book for television presentation in a series of ten one-hour programs, for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, D.C.

Lipson, J. I. & Fisher, K. M. (1981). Monograph: Videodisc and computer technology in American Higher Education. Written for the Open University of Great Britain, Milton Keynes, Great Britain.

Fisher, K. M., Editor. (1972). Report of the Task Force on the Status of Women at the University of California-Davis. Office of Academic Affairs, University of California, Davis.


TECHNICAL REPORTS AND MANUSCRIPTS

Fisher, K. M., Faletti, J., & Quinn, C. (1989). Exploring cognitive structure with semantic networks. SemNet Technical Report #4. Available from K. M. Fisher, CRMSE, 6475 Alvarado Road Suite 206, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92120.

Fisher, K. M., Faletti, J., Thornton, R., Patterson, H., Lipson, J., & Spring, C. (1987). Computer-based knowledge representation as a tool for students and teachers. SemNet Technical Report #3. Available from K. M. Fisher, CRMSE, 6475 Alvarado Road Suite 206, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92120.

Fisher, K. M. & Faletti, Joe. (1986). Three dimensional representation of declarative knowledge of biology. SemNet Technical Report. #1 Available from K. M. Fisher, CRMSE, 6475 Alvarado Road Suite 206, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92120.

Fisher, K. M. & Lipson, J. I (1981). Crisis in science education: Can we respond without a Sputnik? Reviewed by the US. House of Representatives (Sub-committee on Science Research & Technology, of the Committee on Science and Technology).


REVIEWS AND COMMENTS

Fisher, K. M. & Wandersee, J. H. (In Press). Letter to the Editor of the International Journal of Science Education, John Gilbert regarding Ferarri, M. & Chi, M. (1998). The nature of naïve explanations of natural selection.

Fisher, K. M. (1986). Review of Cognitive structures and conceptual change (West, L. H. & Pines, L., 1985, Academic Press). The Review of Education, 12 (1).

Fisher, K. M., & MacWhinney, B. (1976). AV Autotutorial Instruction: A review of evaluative research. AV Communication Review, 24 (3), 229-261.

 

NEWSLETTER ARTICLES

Fisher, K. M. (1995). Feedback with surgical precision. Strategies for Success, a Benjammin/Cummings Publication for Life Science Instructors, pp. 8-9.

Fisher, K. M. (Spring 1994). Elementary Teachers Who Can Do Biology! Strategies for Success, a Benjammin/Cummings Publication for Life Science Instructors, pp. 8-9.

Fisher, K. M. (1980). Lecturing is a personalized system of instruction - for the lecturer (synopsis), in Teaching at UNL Newsletter, The University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Teaching and Learning Center, Lincoln, Nebraska, August.

Fisher, K. M. (1978). Why lecture? Pro/Con. Teaching Resources Center Newsletter 3, 1-4.

Fisher, K. M. (1977). The turning point. The Newsletter of Interversitas 1 (4), 1-2.

Fisher, K. M. (1977). CSUC-UC Joint Conference on Teaching. Experiment and Innovation Newsletter 3 (4), 1.

Fisher, K. M, and B. MacWhinney. (1977). AV autotutorial instruction: a review of evaluative research. Featured article. One to One, March.

Fisher, K. M. (1975). Video-autotutorial instruction at Davis. Experiment and Innovation Newsletter 1(3), Winter.


PRESENTATIONS

126. Fisher, K. M. (December 12, 2000). Use of SemNet-generated knowledge webs for learning and teaching on the World Wide Web. Presented at the Center for Marine Biotechnology Institute in conjunction with the Virtual University Education (VIRTUE) Program, Baltimore, Maryland.

125. Fisher, K. M. (December 11, 2000). Introduction to Semantic Networking as a Learning/Teaching Process. Presented at the University of Maryland Conference Center, Baltimore, Maryland.

124. Fisher, K. M. (October 27, 2000). Knowledge Webs. Friday Forum sponsored by the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, California State University - Sacramento, at the Julia Morgan House, 3731 T Street, Sacramento.

123. Fisher, K. M. (October 26, 2000). Large enrollment courses taught online using knowledge webs. Why are they so popular? Seminar sponsored by the Teaching Resources Center, University of California - Davis, Memorial Union II.

122. Fisher, K. M. (June, 2000). How do we know what we know? Discovering scientific discovery in non-majors biology courses. In the Symposium on Active Learning Strategies in College Biology Classes, annual meeting of the Pacific Division of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Ashland, OR.

121. K. Fisher, D. Anderson, L. Becvar, C. Noland, A. Anderson, C. Sandifer, & C. Goessling. (2000). Evolution as an Experimental Science: Implications for Developing and Assessing Students’ Conceptions. In the Symposium on Conceptual Understanding in Biology, Annual NARST Meeting, New Orleans, LA, April 28-May 1.

120. Fisher, K. M., Wandersee, J. H., & Wideman, G. (February 17-22, 2000). Enhancing cognitive skills for meaningful understanding of domain specific knowledge. In the invited symposium: "Shaping the future of mathematics and science education," at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D. C.

119. Fisher, K. M. (November 16, 1999). Introduction to the Web Site, Biology lessons for prospective and practicing teachers. In the seminar series on "Distributed learning projects/courses," San Diego State University.

118. Fisher, K. M. (April 19-23, 1999). Discussant, Symposium on "Improving development, implementation, and evaluation of technological learning environments," Annual meeting of the American Education Research Association, Montreal, CA.

117. McAleese, R., Grabinger, S. & Fisher, K. (April 19-23, 1999). The knowledge arean: A learning environment that underpins concept mapping. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada.

116. Fisher, K. M. & Wandersee, J. H. (April 19-23, 1998). Components of "constructivist" classrooms in K-8 practice. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.

115. Fisher, K. M., Sandifer, C. & Anderson, A. (April 19-23, 1998). Identifying and overcoming barriers to understanding evolution. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.

114. Levine, S. & Fisher, K. M. (March 13, 1998). WWW Biology lessons for K-8 teachers. Presented to the San Diego Science Educators Association, San Diego Convention and Performing Arts Center, San Diego, CA.

113. Fisher, K. M. (March 13, 1998). Programa SemNet©. Presented at a conference on The Transborder University: Computer Science; Distance learning via México/US Telecommunications. Universidad Popular Autonoma del Estada de Puebla, Puebla, Mexico.

112. Fisher, K. M. (September 26, 1997). Misconceptions in science: Roadblocks to understanding photosynthesis. Presented to the science faculty, California State University, Fullerton, CA.

111. Fisher, K. M. (August 5, 1997). SemNet®, a tool for promoting learning. Presented at a Workshop for Mathematics and Science Faculty, California State University, San Francisco, CA.

110. Fisher, K. M. & Christianson, R. G. (June 13-15, 1997). Comparison of student learning about diffusion and osmosis in constructivist and traditional classrooms. Presented at the Fourth International Seminar: From misconceptions to constructed understanding, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

109. Fisher, K. M. (May 9-10, 1997). Biology lessons for prospective and practicing teachers in the inquiry teaching, constructivist learning mode. Presented at the ITL Spring Showcase: Technology helping teaching and learning, Long Beach, CA.

108. Fisher, K. M. (April, 1997). Addressing alternative conceptions. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.

107. Fisher, K. M. (February, 1997). The SemNet® software as a learning tool. The Harvard/Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA.

106. Fisher, K. M., Organizer and Chair (March 21-24, 1997). What do we know and how do we know it?: The importance of research in science education. Plenary Session at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Chicago, I.

105. Fisher, K. & Gomes, S. (1996). Teaching biology to prospective elementary school teachers so as to promote transition from reveiver to giver of information. Presented at the Second International conference on the Learning Sciences, Chicago, IL, June 25, 1996.

104. Fisher, K. & Gomes, S. (1996). Advanced knowledge acquisition for prospective elementary biology teachers. Presented in a Symposium on Teaching biology for meaningful learning: Constructivism in the classroom. American Association for the Advancement of Science Pacific Division, 77th Annual Meeting, San Jose, CA, June 23 - 27, 1996.

103. Fisher, K. M. (Dec 14 - 18, 1995). Applying cognitive flexibility theory to the teaching of biology to prospective elementary school teachers with elaboration of cognitive flexibility theory. In Session 5: Cognitive perspective on science and mathematics education. Second International Symposium on Cognition and Education. Organized by Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India; Cognitive Science Centre, McGill University, Toronto; & Catholic University, Washington, DC.

102. Fisher, K. M. (Dec 7-12, 1995). Supporting Knowledge construction and reflection. [Semantic networks, long term memory, and metacognition]. International Workshop on the Cognitive Bases of Learning. Homi Bhabha Center for Science Education, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bombay, India.

101. Fisher, K. M. (April 1995). Models of long-term memory: Evaluation of student-constructed semantic networks. Presented in the Symposium on Mental Models and Respresentation in New Assessments, at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association.

100. Fisher, K.M. (Sept. 1995). Enhancing science learning with a tool for reflective thinking. Univeristy of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

99. Fisher, K.M. (April 8-9, 1994). Some Research Frameworks to Support and Refine the Goals of Project 2061’s Benchmarks. Presented at The American Association for Advancement of Science Project 2061 Research Blueprint Meeting. New Orleans, Louisiana.

98. Fisher, K.M. & Faletti, J. (April 4-8, 1994). Mapping Book Chapters with SemNet: Example Views. Presented in a Symposium on Which Text Mapping System is Best? Competing researchers create their own maps of the same text at The American Educational Research Association. New Orleans, Louisiana.

97. Yore, L., Fisher, K. M., Good, R., Hennessey, Sister G., Roth, W. M. & Shymansky, J. (March 26-29, 1994). Symposium on Alternative Perspectives of Teaching, Learning, and Assessment: Desired Images. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching. Anaheim, CA.

96. Berger, C. & Fisher, K.M. (March 26-29, 1994). Use of Microcomputers in Science Education Research: Workshop on Data Collection and Analysis. Presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching. Anaheim, CA.

95. Fisher, K.M. (February 26, 1994). Strategies for Promoting Meaningful Learning in Biology. Presented (twice) at the Strategies for Success Workshop, Hosted by The University of California-San Diego and Sponsored by the Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company. San Diego, CA.

94. Fisher, K.M. (February 13, 1994). SemNet as a Learning Tool Presented in a Symposium on Cognition, Achievement, and Learning in Science at the Annual Meeting of Society for Research on Adolescence. San Diego, CA

93. Fisher, K.M. (January 27, 1994). Using SemNet to Promote Science Learning. Presented at The Southern African Association for Research in Math and Science Education, University of Durban-Westville. Durban, South Africa.

92. Fisher, K.M. (January 27, 1994). Using SemNet to Promote Biology Learning. Presented to Faculty of Science, University of Pietermaritzburg. Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.

91. Fisher, K.M. (January 13, 1994). Personal Knowledge Construction for Prospective and Practicing Teachers. Presented to The Department of Botany, University of Witwatersrand. Johannesburg, South Africa.

90. Fisher, K.M. (January 11-14, 1994). Changing Habits of the Mind: Stimulating Prospective Teachers to Develop Habits of Personal Knowledge Construction and Meaningful learning in Biology. Presented at the Annual Congress of South African Association of Botanists and Phycological Society of Southern Africa. Johannesburg, South Africa.

89. Fisher, K.M. (January 3-8, 1994). Using Semantic Theory to Promote Conceptual Understanding and Deep Processing (Meaningful Learning). Presented at the Annual Meeting of The American Association of Physics Teachers. San Diego, CA.

88. Fisher, K.M. (August, 1993). Metacognitive Tools Workshop: Concept Mapping. Presented (four times) at The Third International Seminar on Misconceptions and Educational Strategies in Science and Mathematics, Cornell University. Ithaca, New York.

87. Fisher, K.M. (July 8-10, 1993). Promoting Biology Learning Through Knowledge Mapping. Presented in the NSF Chautauqua Short Course Program, Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology. Portland, Oregon.

86. Fisher, K.M. (May 27-29, 1993). Promoting Biology Learning Through Knowledge Mapping. Presented in the Puerto Rican Alliance for Minority Participation NSF Chautauqua Short Course Program. San Juan, Puerto Rico.

85. Fisher, K.M. (May, 1993). Curriculum Planning. Presented at Eastern Kentucky University. Richmond, Kentucky.

84. Fisher, K.M., CO-Presenter. (April, 1993). Mini-Training Course on the Use of Microcomputers in Gathering, Analyzing, and Displaying Science Education Research. Presented (two times) at the Annual Meeting of The National Association for Research in Science Teaching. Atlanta, Georgia.

83. Fisher, K.M. (April, 1993). Teaching of Evolution. Presented in a Symposium on An Agenda for Evolution Education Research at the Annual Meeting of The National Association for Research in Science Teaching. Atlanta, Georgia.

82. Fisher, K.M. (April, 1993). SemNet Birds of a Feather Symposium. Presented at the Annual Meeting of The National Association for Research in Science Teaching. Atlanta, Georgia.

81. Fisher, K.M. (April, 1993). Developing Expertise in Descriptive Biology Knowledge using SemNet Presented at the Annual Meeting of The American Educational Research Association. Atlanta, Georgia.

80. Fisher, K.M. & Faletti, J. (April, 1993). Metacognition is Not Enough: Promoting metacognition about knowledge organization skills in biology. Presented in a Symposium on Metacognition and Conceptual Change. Annual Meeting of The American Educational Research Association. Atlanta, Georgia.

79. Fisher, K.M.& Gordetsky, M. (April, 1993). Developing Expertise in Descriptive Biology Knowledge Using SemNet. Presented in a Symposium on Computer-Based Concept Mapping: Applications for Teaching and Learning. Annual Meeting of The American Educational Research Association. Atlanta, Georgia.

78. Fisher, K.M. (February, 1993). Computer Programs that Promote Meaningful Learning; I. A SemNet-Based Ecology Curriculum for Promoting Critical Thinking Skills, II. Using SemNet as a Tool for Biology Learning. NSF Invitation Conference: Beyond National Standards and Goals: Excellence in Mathematics and Science Education K-16. Washington D.C.

77. Fisher, K.M. (January, 1993). "Computer Based Concept Mapping." Presented to The Discovery project, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.

76. Fisher, K.M. (1992). Invited participant & presenter, NSF-Supported Evolution Education Research Conference, Louisiana State University, December.

75. Fisher, K.M. (1992). Invited participant & presenter, NSF Workshop on the Role of Faculty in the Science Disciplines in the Undergraduate Education of Future Teachers, Washington D.C., November.

74. Fisher, K. M. (1992). Presenter, 'Skunkworks Part I' for the Community Learning & Information Network (CLIN), sponsored by the CLIN & Science Applications International Corporation. San Diego, CA, June 30-July 1.

73. Fisher, K. M. (1992). The nature of biology knowledge and learning. Presented at the NATO International Scientific Exchange Programme: Advanced Research Workshop. Ross Priory, Scotland, June 14-18.

72. Gorodetsky, M., Fisher, K., & Wyman, B. (1992). Generating connections and learning. Presented (by MG) at the NATO International Scientific Exchange Programme: Advanced Research Workshop. Ross Priory, Scotland, June 14-18.

71. Goldberg, F. & Fisher, K. M. (1992). Research in Science Education. Chautauqua Short Courses for College and University Faculty, Sponsored by the California State University Chautauqua Field Center and the National Science Foundation. San Diego, CA, February 27-28.

70. Fisher, K. M. (1992). Discussant, Symposium on Conceptions and Conceptual Change in Biology (with Ann Brown, Angelo Collins, Ann Kindfield, Doris Ash, Barbara Buckley, Silvia Caravita). Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA, April.

69. Fisher, K. M. (1992). Discussant, Symposium on Science Attitudes. Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research on Science Teaching, Boston, MA, March 21-25.

68. Fisher, K. M. (1992). Invited participant, Conference on Teaching Genetics: Recommendations & Research, sponsored by NSF & the Mercer University School of Medicine. Boston, MA, March 18-21.

67. Fisher, K. M. (1992). Participant, National Life Science Education Conference II, sponsored by Coalition for Education in the Life Sciences (CELS), American Society for Microbiology, & The Johnson Foundation. Racine, WI, February 21-23.

65. Fisher, K. M. (1991). SemNet: Using semantic network theory to promote student learning. Colloquium presented at the University of California - San Diego, 3010 York Hall. San Diego, CA, November 15.

64. Fisher, K. M. (1991). SemNet Demonstration. Software Fair and UCSD Campus Showcase. Annual EDUCOM meeting. San Diego, CA, October 16-18.

63. Fisher, K. M. (1991). Presenter, NSF Symposium on Technology in Science and Mathematics Education (with Elizabeth Goldman, Dean Zollman, Deborah Ball, Bob Ward). Conference on Critical Issues in Reforming Elementary Teacher Preparation in Mathematics & Science. Greeley, Co, October 10-13.

62. Fisher, K. M. (1991). Using SemNet as a learning tool. High Tech - High Teach Conference, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, August 26-28.

61. Fisher, K. M. with Faletti, J. Lipson, J., Wyman, B. & Miller, B. (1991). Incorporating SemNet into a College Biology Classroom to Promote Meaningful Learning. The Sixth International Symposium on World Trends in Science and Technology Education. Palm Springs, CA: Wyndham Palm Springs Hotel & Resort, August 12-21.

60. Faletti, J. & Fisher, K. M. (1991). Automatic conceptual overviews of semantic networks. Presented in the Symposium on"SemNet in the Classroom," National Association for Research in Science Teaching, The Abbey, Lake Geneva, WI, Apr 8.

59. Fisher, K. M. (1991). The use of semantic networking in science education research. Presented in the Symposium on "The use of concept mapping in science education research: Overview and issues" at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, The Abbey, Lake Geneva, WI, April 8.

58. Goldberg, F. & Fisher, K. M. (1991). Research in science education: Implications for instruction. Chautauqua Short Courses for College and University Faculty. Sponsored by the California State University Chautauqua Field Center and the National Science Foundation. San Diego, CA, February 21-23.

57. Fisher, K. M. (1990). Semantic networking. Presented at the NATO Workshop on Mindtools, Enschede, Holland, July 5.

56. Goldberg, F. & Fisher, K. M. (1990). Research in science education: Implications for instruction. Chautauqua Short Courses for College and University Faculty. Sponsored by the California State University Chautauqua Field Center and the National Science Foundation. San Diego, CA, March 22-24.

55. Fisher, K. M. (1989). Promoting habits of meaningful learning. Featured Speaker. National Association of Biology Teachers Annual Conference, San Diego, CA, October 28.

54. Fisher, K. M. (1989). A tool for learning: SemNet. Presented at the Apple Classrooms of Tomorrow (ACOT) Annual Meeting, Cupertino, CA, June 29.

53. Fisher, K. M. (1989). Dimensions of computer-based semantic networks. Presented in a Symposium at the Western Regional Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Chico, CA, June 12.

52. Fisher, K. M. & Faletti, J. (1989) Semantic networks for assessing and identifying alternative conceptions. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Education Research Association, San Francisco, March 27-31.

51. Fisher, K. M. & Faletti, J. (1989). Student strategies in building semantic networks in biology. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Education Research Association, San Francisco, March 27-31.

50. Fisher, K. M. (1989). SemNet: A tool for biology learning. Presented in a workshop on Quality Undergraduate Educational Simulations and Tools in Biology (BioQUEST), sponsored by the Annenberg/CPB Project, the Foundation for Microbiology, and the Annenberg/CPB Project, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, February 4.

49. Fisher, K. M. (1988). SemNet: Software for student or faculty construction of large relational networks of concepts. Presented in the Symposium, From Concept Maps to Computer Representations of Large Bodies of Disciplinary Knowledge: Progress and Problems in Development and Utilization. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, April 5-9.

48. Fisher, K. M. (1988). Relations used in student-generated knowledge representations. Presented in the Symposium on Student Understanding in Science: Issues of Cognition and Curriculum, Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, April 5-9.

47. Fisher, K. M. (1988). Hidden meanings in biology: What's in a link? Presented to the Department of Natural Science & Center for Research in Mathematics & Science Education, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, March 18.

46. Fisher, K. M. (1987). Knowledge representation as a means to promote meaningful learning in biology. Presented to the Department of Natural Science & Center for Research in Mathematics & Science Education, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, October.

45. Fisher, K. M. & Faletti, J. (1987). The Macintosh classroom: Teaching biological concepts using semantic networks. Macademia Conference, Presented by Apple Computer Inc. at the University of California - Davis, June.

44. Fisher, K. M. & Thornton, R. M. (1987). Impact of teaching explicit formal relations between concepts in biology. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, April.

43. Fisher, K. M. (1986). Promises and problems of the new technologies in education. American River College, Sacramento, October.

42. Fisher, K. M. (1986). Student learning of biology: successful and unsuccessful strategies. Presented in the Symposium on Recent advances in learning theory and implications for science education, at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Philadelphia, May.

41. Fisher, K. M., Lipson, J. I., Porter, N., & Schoenberg, N. (1986). Sex differences in biology learning. Poster session presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, April.

40. Fisher, K. M. (1986). Roadmap of the mind: Genetics knowledge. Presented in the Symposium on concept development and problem solving in genetics, at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, April.

39. Garb, Y., Fisher, K., & Faletti, J. (1986). Systematic representation of knowledge of ecology: Concepts and relationships. Presented in the Symposium on Semantic Network Analysis of Biology Knowledge, Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, San Francisco, April.

38. Fisher, K. M. (1986). Systematic representation of molecular biology knowledge. Presented in the Symposium on Semantic Network Analysis of Biology Knowledge, Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, San Francisco, April.

37. Callman, J., Faletti, J., & Fisher, K. (1986). Computer-based semantic network in biology: A demonstration. Presented in the Symposium on Semantic Network Analysis of Biology Knowledge, Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, San Francisco, April.

36. Fisher, K. M. (1985). Genetic engineering, etc. Presentation to Gifted High School Students, Program sponsored by the Department of Education, University of California, Davis, June.

35. Fisher, K. M. (1984). Teaching the Sciences: New insights and issues. Presented to 4-H Advisors, Conference organized by the Department of Applied Behavioral Science, University of California, Davis, October.

34. Fisher, K. M. (1984). New developments in the biological sciences. Two lectures to Gifted High School Students, Program sponsored by Department of Education, University of California, Davis, June 4-5.

33. Fisher, K. M., Porter, N., Schoenberg, N., Lipson, J. I, & Bunderson, E. (1984). Emergence of biological knowledge as assessed by word associations. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, New York, May.

32. Fisher, K. M., Hildebrand, A., Miguel, L., Schoenberg, N., Porter, N., & Lipson, J. I. (1984). Student misconceptions and teacher assumptions in college biology. Presented in the Symposium on Cognitive Development & Disciplinary Knowledge, at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, April.

31. Fisher, K. M. (1983). Artificial intelligence: An educator's perspective. Teaching Week Symposium, American River College, Sacramento, October 7.

30. Fisher, K. M. (1983). Response patterns in free-word associations in biology stimulus words. Presented at the Colloquium in Science & Mathematics Education, University of California, Berkeley, September 19.

29. Fisher, K. M. (1982). Learning biology - A systematic approach. Seventy-first Annual Meeting of the Poultry Science Association, University of California, Davis, CA, August 9-13.

28. Fisher, K. M. (1982). Testing learning with computers. Paper presented at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Pacific Division of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Santa Barbara, June.

27. Fisher, K. M. & Lipson, J. I. (1982). Student misconceptions in introductory biology. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, NY., March 19-23.

26. Fisher, K. M. (1981). Science education research and development: A plan for the future. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, the Catskills, New York, April 4-8.

25. Fisher, K. M. (1981). Media and college science teaching in the U.S. A series of four seminars presented at a workshop on "Script-writing for Science Films," sponsored by the Indo-U.S. Sub-commission on Education and Culture, Jan. 1-24, Pune, India. (Topics: a) Individualized instruction, b) Traditional teaching methods, c) Television, film, and videodisc instruction, and d) Computers in science teaching).

24. Fisher, K. M., Chair; G. Pellino, R. Menges, W. Nelson, and L. Belle (1980). "Improving Teaching: Results of Two Surveys," Symposium presented at the American Association of Higher Education Annual Conference, Washington, D.C., March 5-8.

23. Fisher, K. M., S. Williams, and J. Roth. (1980). Effects of Multiple Choice Testing on Student Learning. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting, Boston, April 15-20.

22. Fisher, K. M. (1979). Improving University Education. Invited Keynote speaker at the Third National Congress on Venezuelan Pedagogy, University of Zulia, Maricaibo, Venezuela, October 20-25.

21. Fisher, K. M. and M. Hoffman. (1979). Academic staff development at the University of California, Davis. Invited paper presented at the Conference on Training and Professional Development of Academic Staff--Practice and Purpose, Oxford University, England, April.

20. Clark, J. and K. M. Fisher. (1978). Faculty Development and Tenure. Workshop presented at the Fourth International Conference on Improving University Teaching, Aachen, Germany, July.

19. Fisher, K. M. and E. Cohen. (1978). Is lecturing a research tool? Paper presented at the Fourth International Conference on Improving University Teaching, Aachen, Germany, July.

18. Fisher, K. M. (1977). Starting an instructional development program. Paper presented at the International Conference on Improving University Teaching, Hamilton, Ontario, June 6.

17. Fisher, K. M., H. Guenther, B. Kimball, B. MacWhinney, G. Schultz, P. Sorensen, and D. Stewart. (1977). Cost and perceived value of instructional video programs. Paper presented at the Fourth Annual Conference of the Center for Personalized Instruction, San Francisco, April 17.

16. Fisher, K. M., J. Monroe, and C. Meredith. (1977). Carpet-bagging an autotutorial scientific writing course. Presented at the Fourth Annual Conference of the Center for Personalized Instruction, San Francisco, April 16.

15. Fisher, K. M. (1977). Research in genetics: A look at the genetic processes in living things. Paper presented at the conference, Expanding Your Horizons in Science and Mathematics, Alameda, April 30.

14. Fisher, K. M. (1977). Development of the Association of Academic Women and Affirmative Action. Paper presented to the Association of Women in Science, California State University, Hayward, January.

13. Fisher, K. M., and S. Williams. (1977). Testing: Effect of frequency and feedback upon learning. Paper presented to the SESAME Graduate Group in Science and Mathematics Education, University of California, Berkeley, January.

12. Fisher, K. M., H. Guenther, P. H. Sorensen, D. Stewart. (1976). The effectiveness of video-autotutorial instruction for a very large enrollment university course in science. Paper presented at the Western Psychological Association Annual Conference, Los Angeles, April.

11. Fisher, K. M., B. MacWhinney, P. H. Sorensen, and D. E. Stewart. (1975) A comparative evaluation of the effectiveness of autotutorial methods of instruction. Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Washington, D.C., April 3.

10. Fisher, K. M. and H. Jensen. (1974). Teaching genetics via autotutorial video modules and/or computers. Seminar given at University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, September.

9. Fisher, K. M. (1974). Video-autotutorial instruction of genetics. Seminar given to the Department of Biology, University of California, San Diego.

8. Fisher, K. M. (1973) Individualized instruction with television. Talk presented at the Individualized Teaching, Personal Interaction, and New Technologies Conference, University of California, Davis, June.

7. Fisher, K. M. (1973). Research in genetics. Talk presented at the Women in Science Seminars, University of California, Davis, May.

6. Fisher, K. M. (1973). Course development and course evaluation. Talk presented at the Signs of Good Teaching Conference, Solano Community College, Suisun.

5. Fisher, K. M. (1973). Goals of Science Teaching. Invitation paper presented at the Conference on Individualized Instruction, sponsored by the Division of Extended Learning, University of California, Davis, January.

4. Fisher, K. M. (1973). Genetics 100--Uses of media in university instruction. Talk presented to the Communications Study Group, Sacramento State University, Sacramento, January.

3. Fisher, K. M. (1972) A personalized system of instruction in genetics at UC Davis. Talk presented at the Personalized System of Instruction Conference, California State University, Long Beach, CA, November.

2. Fisher, K. M. (1972). Scaling the walls. Talk presented to the I Am A Woman Conference, University of California, Davis, CA, November.

1. Fisher, K. M. and A. Foin. (1969). Chromosome ultrastructure in Marmosa mitis. Paper presented at the Eighth Annual Somatic Cell Genetics Conference, Chatham, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October.

SemNet Software Download: http://trumpet.sdsu.edu/semnet.html
SemNet User's Guide and Sample Nets: http://www.biologylessons.sdsu.edu/about/semnetdown.html
Biology Lessons (using SemNet): http://www.BiologyLessons.sdsu.edu/

Biology Department: http://www.bio.sdsu.edu/
Kathleen M. Fisher's CRMSE page: https://newscenter.sdsu.edu/education/crmse/kathleen_fisher.aspx
Kathleen M. Fisher's SemNet page: http://www.sci.sdsu.edu/NaturalSciences/professors/fisher.html 

COURSEs

Biology 452: Biology Concept Development and Integration Course

NS 600: Science Education Research

 

 Kathleen Fisher

  Kathleen M. Fisher

  Professor Emeritus
  of Biology


Center for Research in Mathematics & Science Education
6475 Alvarado Road, Suite 206
San Diego, CA 92120
Phone: 619-296-5182

E-Mail: kfisher@mail.sdsu.edu