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San Diego State University

Center for Visual Literacies and Research Methods

Research Literature

* The Center for Visual Literacies Affiliated Faculty

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Aiello, G. (2006). Theoretical advances in critical visual analysis: perception, ideology, mythologies, and social semiotics. Journal of Visual Literacy, 26(2), 89-102.

*Albers, P. (2006). Imagining the Possibilities in Multimodal Curriculum Design. English  Education38(2), 75-101.

*Albers, P. (2007). Finding the artist within: Creating and reading visual texts in the English language arts classroom. Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

*Albers, P. (2008). Theorizing visual representation in children's literature. Journal of  Literacy Research, 40(2), 163-200.

*Albers, P., & Harste, J. C. (2007). The Arts, New Literacies, and Multimodality. English  Education40(1), 6-20.

*Albers, P., Holbrook, T., & Flint, A. (Eds.). (2013). New methods of literacy research. NY: Routledge.

*Albers, P. & Sanders, J. (Eds.). (2010). Literacies, the arts and multimodality. Urbana, IL: NCTE.

Allen, D. (1994). Teaching visual literacy: Some reflections on the term. Journal of Art and Design Education, 13, 133-143.

Alvermann, D. E., Moon, J. S., & Hagood, M. C. (1999). Popular culture in the classroom: Teaching and researching critical media literacy. Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

Alvermann, D. E., & Hagood, M. C. (2000). Critical media literacy: Research, theory, and practice in "New Times". The Journal of Educational Research, 93(3), 193-205.

Alverman, D. E. (2002). Adolescents and literacies in a digital world. New York: Peter Lang.

Anstey, M., & Bull, G. (2006). Teaching and learning multiliteracies: Changing times, changing literacies. Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

Arizpe, E., & Styles, M. (2003). Children reading pictures: Interpreting visual texts. New York: Routledge.

Arnheim, R. (1986). Art and visual perception: A psychology of the creative eye. Berkeley,  CA: University of California Press.

Avgerinou, M. (2009). Re-Viewing Visual Literacy in the "Bain d'Images" Era. TechTrends, 53(2), 28-34.

Avgerinou, M., & Ericson, J. (1997). A review of the concept of visual literacy. British Journal of Educational Technology, 28, 280-291.

Baker, F. W. (2012). Media Literacy in the K-12 Classroom. Eugene, OR: International Society for Technology in Education.

Bamford, A. (2003). The visual literacy white paper. Sydney: Adobe Systems Pty Ltd,  Australia.

Banks, M. (2001). Visual methods in social research. London: Sage.

Beach, R. (2007). A web-linked guide to resources and activities. New York: Teachers College.

Berger, J. (1972). Ways of seeing. London: Penguin.

Buckingham, D. (2003). Media Education: Literacy, learning and contemporary culture. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Bull, G., & Anstey, M. (Eds.). (2003). The literacy lexicon (2nd ed.). Frenchs Forest, NSW: Prentice Hall.

Bull, G., & Anstey, M. (2005). The Literacy Landscape. Frenchs Forest, New South Wales: Pearson Education Australia.

Callow, J. (1999). Image matters: Visual texts in the classroom. Marrickville, NSW: Primary English Teaching Association.

Callow, J. (2003). Talking about visual texts with students [Electronic Version]. 

Reading Online6 from 

*Cappello, M. (2005). Photo interviews: Eliciting data through conversations with children.  Field Methods, 17 (2). 170-182.

*Cappello, M., & Hollingsworth, S. (2008). Literacy Inquiry and Pedagogy through Photographic Lens. Language Arts85(6), 442-449.

*Cappello, M. (2011). Photography for Teacher Preparation in Literacy: Innovations in Instruction. Issues in Teacher Education20(1), 95-108.

Chauvin, B. A. (2003). Visual or media literacy? Journal of Visual Literacy, 23(2), 119-128.

*Choudhury, M., & Share, J. (2012). Critical media literacy: A pedagogy for new literacies and urban youth. Voices from the Middle19(4), 39-44.

Considine, D. (1987). Visual literacy and the curriculum: More to it than meets the eye Language Arts, 64(6), 634-640.

Cope, B., & Kalantzis, M. (2000). A pedagogy of multiliteracies: Designing social futures. South Melbourne: Macmillan.

Cope, B., & Kalantzis, M. (2009). "Multiliteracies": New literacies, new learning. Pedagogies: An International Journal, 4(3), 164-195.

Dondis, D. A. (1973). A primer of visual literacy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Dozier, C., Johnston, P., & Rogers, R. (Eds.). (2006). Critical literacy, critical teaching: Tools for preparing responsive teachers.

Duncum, P. (2004). Visual literacy isn't just visual: Multiliteracy, multimodality and meaning. Studies in Art Education, 45(3), 252-264.

Elkins, J. (2008). Visual literacy. New York: Routledge.

Gee, J. P. (1992). Socio-cultural approaches to literacy (literacies). Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 12, 31-48.

Gee, J. P. (2007). What video games have to teach us about learning and literacy. New York: Palgrave.

Ghinea, G., & Chen, S. Y. (2006). Digital multimedia perception and design. Hershey, PA: Idea Group Pub.

Golden, J. M., & Gerber, A. (1990). A semiotic perspective of text: The picture story book event. Journal of Reading Behavior, 22(3), 203-219.

Gombrich, E. H. (1972). The visual image. Scientific American, 227, 82-96.

Granström, B., House, D., Karlsson, I., & Elsnet, K. (2002). Multimodality in language and speech systems. Dordrecht ; Boston ; London: Kluwer Academic.

Group, N. L. (1996a). A pedagogy of multiliteracies: designing social futures. Harvard Educational Review, 66, 60-92.

Group, N. L. (1996b). A pedagogy of multiliteracies: Designing social futures. Harvard Educational Review, 66(1), 60-92.

Group, N. L. (1996c). A pedagogy of multiliteracies: Designing social futures. Harvard Educational Review, 66(1).

Hagood, M. C. (2000). New times, new millennium, new literacies. Reading Research and Instruction, 39(4), 311-328.

Hawkins, M. R. (2004). Language learning and teacher education : a sociocultural approach. Clevedon [England] ; Buffalo, N.Y.: Multilingual Matters Ltd.

Heiligmann, R., & Shields, V. R. (2005). Media literacy, visual syntax, and magazine advertisements: Conceptualizing the consumption of reading by media literate subjects.Journal of Visual Literacy, 25(1), 41-66.

Hobbs, R. (2011). Digital and Media Literacy: Connecting Culture and Classroom. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Hodge, R., & Kress, G. (1988). Social Semiotics. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Jewitt, C. (2006). Technology, literacy and learning: A multimodal approach. London: Routledge.

Jewitt, C., & Kress, G. (Eds.). (2003). Multimodal literacy. New York: Peter Lang.

*Kellner, D. (1998). Multiple literacies and critical pedagogy in a multicultural society. Educational Theory, 48(1), 103-124.

*Kellner, D. (2000). New technologies / new literacies: Reconstructing education for the new millennium. Teaching Education, 11(3), 245-265.

*Kellner, D., & Share, J. (2005). Toward critical media literacy: Core concepts, debates, organizations, and policy. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 26(3), 369-386.

*Kellner, D., & Share, J. (2007). Critical media literacy is not an option. Learning Inquiry(1), 59-69.

Kress, G. (2000). Design and transformation. In B. Cope & M. Kalantzis (Eds.), Multiliteracies (pp. 152-161). London: Routledge.

Kress, G. (2003). Literacy in the new media age. London: Routledge.

Kress, G., & van Leeuwen, T. (2001). Multimodal discourse: The modes and media of contemporary communication. London: Edward Arnold.

Kress, G. & van Leeuwen, T. (2006). Reading images: The grammar of visual design (2nd Ed.). New York: Routledge.

Lankshear, C., & Knobel, M. (2006). New literacies: Everyday practices and classroom learning. Berkshire, UK: Open University Press.

Leithwood, K. A. (2006). Teaching for deep understanding : what every educator should know. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Corwin Press.

Lemke, J. L. (1998). Metamedia Literacy: Transforming Meanings and Media. In D. Reinking (Ed.), Literacy for the 21st Century: Technological Transformation in a Post-typographic World. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

LeVine, P., & Scollon, R. (2004). Discourse and technology : multimodal discourse analysis. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.

Lewison, M., Seely Flint, A., & Van Sluys, K. (2002). Taking on critical literacy: The journey of newcomers and novices. Language Arts, 79(5), 382-392.

Messaris, P. (1994). Visual literacy: Image, mind, & reality. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Morgan, W. (1997). Critical literacy in the classroom: The art of the possible. New York: Routledge.

Morgan, S. J. (2005). More than pictures?: An exploration of visually dominant magazine ads as arguments. Journal of Visual Literacy, 25(2), 145-166.

New.London.Group. (1996). A pedagogy of multiliteracies: Designing social futures. Harvard Educational Review, 66(1), 60-92.

Newman, M. (2002). The designs of academic literacy : a multiliteracies examination of academic achievement. Westport, Conn. ; London: Bergin & Garvey.

Norris, S. (2004). Analyzing multimodal interaction : a methodological framework. New York; London: Routledge.

O'Brien, D. G. (2001). "At-risk" adolescents: Redefining competence through the multiliteracies of intermediality, visual arts, and representation. Reading Online, 4(11). Available:

Pahl, K., Rowsell, J., & ebrary Inc. (2006). Travel notes from the new literacy studies instances of practice New perspectives on language and education. (pp. x, 268 p.). Retrieved from

Pailliotet, A. W., Semali, L., Rodenberg, R. K., Giles, J. K., & Macaul, S. L. (2000). Intermediality: Bridge to critical media literacy. The Reading Teacher, 54(2), 208-219.

Pantaleo, S. (2004). Young children interpret the metafiction in Anthony Browne's Voices in the ParkJournal of Early Childhood Literacy, 4, 211-233.

Pauwels, L. (2008). Visual literacy and visual culture: reflections on developing more varies and explicit visual competencies. The Open Communication Journal, 2, 79-85.

Pink, S. (2013). Doing visual ethnography, 3rd ed. London: Sage Publications.

Prosser, J. (1998). Image based research: A sourcebook for qualitative research.cLondon: Falmer Press.

Rose, G. (2011). Visual methodologies: An introduction to researching with visual materials, 3rd ed. Los Angeles: Sage.

Salomon, G. (1997). Of mind and media: How culture's symbolic forms affect learning and thinking. Phi Delta Kappan, 78(5), 375-380.

Sanders-Bustle, L. (2003). Image, inquiry, and transformative practice: Engaging learners in creative and critical inquiry through visual representation. New York: Peter Lang.

Selber, S. A. (2004). Multiliteracies for a digital age. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.

Semali, L. (2003). Ways with visual languages: Making the case for critical media literacy. The Clearing House, 39(3), 271-277.

Seppanen, J. (2006). The power of the gaze: An introduction to visual literacy. New York: Peter Lang.

*Serafini, F. (2010). Reading multimodal texts: Perceptual, structural and ideological perspectives.  Children’s Literature in Education, 41, 85-104.

*Serafini, F. (2011). Expanding perspectives for comprehending visual images in multimodal texts. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 54 (5), 342-350.

*Serafini, F. (2012). Reading Multimodal Texts in the 21st Century. Research in the Schools19(1), 26-32.

*Serafini, F. (2014). Reading the visual: An introduction to teaching multimodal literacy. New York: Teachers College Press.

Siegel, M. (2006). Rereading the signs: Multimodal transformations in the field of literacy education. Language Arts, 84(1), 65-77.

Siegel, M., & Panofsky, C. P. (2009). Designs for multimodality in literacy studies: Explorations in analysis. In K. M. Leander, D. Wells Rowe, D. K. 

Dickinson, M. K. Hundley, R. T. Jiminez, & V. J. Risko (Eds.), 58th Yearbook of the National Reading Conference (pp. 99-111). Oak Creek, WI: National Reading Conference.

*Share, J. (2015). Cameras in classrooms: Photography’s pedagogical potential. In D.M. Baylen & A. D’Alba (Eds.), Essentials of teaching and integrating visual and media literacy.  (97-118). London, UK: Springer.

Smith-Shank, D. L., & National Art Education Association. (2004). Semiotics and visual culture : sights, signs, and significance / Deborah L. Smith-Shank, editor. Reston, Va.: National Art Education Assoc.

Stafford, T. (2011). Teaching visual literacy in the primary classroom: Comic books, film, television and picture narratives. London: Routledge.

Sturken, M. & Cartwright, L. (2009). Practices of looking: An introduction to visualculture, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Suhor, C., & Little, D. (1988). Visual literacy and print literacy: Theoretical considerations and points of contact. Reading Psychology:  An International Quarterly, 9, 469-481.

Unsworth, L. (2001). Changing dimensions of school literacies. Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, 25(1), 62-77.

Unsworth, L. (2006). Towards a metalanguage for multiliteracies education: Describing the meaning-making resources of language-image interaction. English Teaching: Practice and Critique, 5(1), 55-76.

van Leeuwen, T., & Jewitt, C. (2001). Handbook of visual analysis. London: Sage.

van Leeuwen, T. (2005). Introducing social semiotics. London: Routledge.

Watkins, J. K., Miller, E., & Brubaker, D. (2004). The role of the visual image: What are students really learning from pictorial representations? Journal of Visual Literacy, 24(1), 23-40.



click here to access PDF version of the reference list